Spencer Tracy acted more in a single silent close-up than many peers could in an entire film. His naturalism onscreen belied the thoughtfulness behind his craft, earning him nine Oscar nominations and two wins. The greatest hurdle in Tracy’s career came not from breaking into the industry but rather defying it, breaking out of the typecast conman or gangster roles to define his own place n Hollywood. Despite his originality, Tracy found success in collaboration, reuniting again and again with talents such as Katharine Hepburn and director Stanley Kramer. Tracy’ versatility kept him working well beyond the Golden Era he helped define, and the impression he made on film will last long beyond that.